Aims and Objectives
This project aims at delivering household health expenditure modules that can increase the cost-effectiveness of Household Consumption Expenditure survey or Household Budget Survey (HCES or HBS and health surveys by making better use of existing tools that require refinements to be repurposed and facilitate integration across different type of surveys (HBS and Health Surveys).
Specifically, by the end of this study, it is expected that there will be a standardize set of questions to improve the measurement of OOPs, specifically its level and distribution by beneficiary characteristics (e.g. diseases, provider).
Not all these questions will be validated with the provider information. Some of the questions that will be validated will not be randomized (e.g. disease attribution); while others will be recommended after randomizing some key elements (e.g. recall period or specificity of the OOPs question).
- To assess the effect of the survey design on the overall level of OOPs, by major spending category, disease category and type of provider
- To assess the effect of the data collection method (mobile phone survey vs. face-to-face survey) on the overall level of OOPs and by major spending category
- To facilitate integration across different type of surveys (HBS and Health Surveys) for the purpose of measuring trends in the level of OOPs over time
- To assess the effect of the scaling to annual figures by a constant factor (e.g. 365/30 days)
- To facilitate integration across different type of surveys (HCES, Health Surveys, mobile phone surveys) for the purpose of measuring levels and trends in the lack of financial protection over time